[Effects of the combination of new quinolones and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, fenbufen, on the EEG of rabbits]

[Article in Japanese]

Suzuki T, Hara Y, Tamagawa M, Kakizaki K, Murayama S.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Chiba University, Japan.

A combination of fenbufen, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug and the new quinolone produces a central stimulating action. To confirm the action, we used 6 kinds of new quinolones: enoxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, lomefloxacin and tosufloxacin in this experiment. The convulsive effects of these drugs were tested on the EEG recorded from the neocortex and subcortical regions of the rabbits. Animals treated with fenbufen (50-200 mg/kg, p.o.) tended to have a high amplitude slow wave in their EEG. Rabbits treated with the new quinolones at the dose of 100 mg/kg, p.o., with the exception of tosufloxacin, also tended to show a high amplitude slow wave in their EEG. Each new quinolone given 30 min after fenbufen (50 mg/kg, p.o.) elicited characteristic spikes on the EEG. Then, high-frequency-spikes and epileptiform seizure waves appeared for a long experimental period with this combination. The combination of fenbufen and tosufloxacin (100-400 mg/kg, p.o.) caused no changes in EEG and behavior. The spike and epileptiform wave could be suppressed only temporarily with diazepam (1-4 mg/kg, i.v.). These results suggest that combined use of fenbufen and one of the new quinolones, except for tosufloxacin, produces the seizure. Not only GABA but also several other mechanisms in the central nervous system may be involved in the convulsion.

PMID: 1313778 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Last Updated 7/26/04